Bunions are a very common problem of the foot. They are mostly due to footwear that is too tight pushing the big toe over and causing the joint at the base of the big toe to become enlarged. That is what a bunion is. The continued pressure from the shoe can become quite painful and arthritis can develop in the joint. They are more common in females, probably because they are more likely to wear more tightly fitting high heel shoes. The only way to make them go away is to have surgery. As we walk on our feet and that big toe is an important joint, surgery on that joint is associated with a period of at least a few months of disability following the surgery. For that reason, many people want to avoid the surgical option if they can.
There really are no non-surgical options to make them go away. However, there are many different non-surgical options that can stop them hurting, but they can not make them go away. There are the bunion correctors that are splints that you wear at night that are supposed to correct the angle of the toe. These bunion correctors do keep the toe mobile and flexible which is a good thing, but they do not make anymore than a few degrees difference to the angle of the big toe. Exercises to keep the joint mobile and flexible are often helpful with some of the pain that can develop inside the joint. If there is pain around the joint from pressure from the shoe, then it is important that the shoes be wide enough and fitted properly. Various pads can be used to keep pressure off the enlarged joint. These non-surgical options will not make bunions go away, but they will go along way to helping any pain that they may have from them.